A Brief History
Arbor Goats is a small goat farm dedicated to raising high quality dairy and meat goats located South of Corning, New York. Our goal is to produce happy healthy animals for personal use at home, while educating others on proper animal husbandry.
Currently we are focused on raising registered American Alpines and Alpine cross goats.
Our farm has been tested negative for CAE, CL, and Johnes and we strive to practice good biosecurity. As a result we do not show or otherwise expose our goats to situations where they are likely to come in contact with other goats.
Below is some information about each of the breeds of goats that have contributed to the genetics on the property.
The Alpine Diary Goat or French Alpine originated in the French Alps. The French or “Purebred” Alpines can be traced solely back to goats imported directly from France, while American Alpines are French Alpines that were bred to another breed of dairy goat, at some point in their lineage before being slowly bred back up to what is considered to be 100% American Alpine. The Alpine goat is primarily used for its high milk production. They are hardy, adaptable animals that are good at thriving in any climate while continuing to maintain good health and production. There are eight main colors of Alpines, which are often referred to by their French names.
- Cou Blanc – which translates to be “white neck”, has white front quarters and black hindquarters with either black or gray markings on the goat’s head.
- Cou Clair – which translates as “clear neck”. These goats’ front quarters can be tan, saffron, off white, or shades of gray with black hind quarters.
- Cou Noir – which means “black neck”. The necks of these goats’ are black while their hindquarters are white.
- Sundgau – these are black with white markings around their underbody, facial stripes, or other areas.
- Pied – these goats are spotted or mottled.
- Chamoisee – these goats have a brown or bay body with black markings on the face, a dorsal stripe is present down their spine, and their legs and feet are also black. They can have black running over their withers and down to the chest which is often referred to as having a martingale. A male would be spelled chamoise.
- Two-tone Chamoisee – has light front quarters with brown or gray hindquarters (not to be confused with a cou blanc or cou clair as these goats do not have black hindquarters).
- Broken – is added in front of any of the before terms if the coat pattern has been broken by bands or splashes of white.
The Boer goat can be traced back to the Dutch farmers of South Africa around the early 1900s. Boer goats needed to have a rapid growth rate, excellent carcass quality, and be highly adaptable to different environments. The Boers were imported into the United States in 1993 the same year that the American Boer Goat Association was formed. When bred to other breeds the offspring are considered to be Commercial Boers, and the does can be classified as 50% Boer. These offspring can be bred up until they are considered to be considered an American Purebred. Boers come in a variety of colors as a result of coming to America.
- Traditional – these goats are the original color of Boers that have a red head and white body.
- Red – these Boers are a solid red with minimal white.
- Black – these are a solid black with minimal white markings.
- Spotted – these goats have white spots on a solid body.
- Dappled – these goats have any color other than white spotting and dappling over their base coat color.
This breed of goat is a Chamois colored goat from the Oberhasli district in the Bernese Oberland of central Switzerland. Purebred members of the breed can all be traced back to a group of five goats imported into the United States in 1936. A breed association was formed in 1977, until that time the Oberhasli has been registered as Swiss Alpines. The Oberhasli is known for its alert appearance and friendly, gentle disposition. Mature goats are medium height with bucks ranging from 30-34" and does ranging from 28-32".
- Chamoisee - the coat is a bay or mid-brown, with black markings. The black markings include two black facial stripes from the eyes to the muzzle, a black forehead, a black dorsal stripe along the back, a black belly and lower limbs.
- Black - while the recessive genes do occasionally have kids born a solid black, only the does may be registered.
Sable goats originated from Switzerland and the Saanen breed of goat. The Saanen is a white breed of dairy goat, with the white color pattern being the dominant and expressed gene. Anytime there are two recessive genes of color, a Sable is produced. As a result they can be any color other than white or light cream. It wasn't until 2005 that the Sable was recognized as its own breed, instead of being a culmination of culled Saanens. Typically Sables are a fairy heavy producing dairy breed with between 3% and 4% milk fat and they have sweet and easy-going attitudes.